 Journal Club Reports
for Both Cosmology and Galaxies Courses
The usual daily plan is that yours truly will lecture for 40 minutes or so.
Then we will have a break ofr 10 or so minutes.
Then we resume with the
journal club reports
for 25 or so minutes:
 Typically a person (a student or the instructor) or maybe sometimes 2 persons
will read enough of some current
article
on cosmology
(for Ast727: Cosmology)
or galaxies
(for Ast729: Galaxies)
to report something of the main results.
You just need to get enough from the
article
to report something that you find interesting.
 The topics of
cosmology
and galaxies strongly overlap
and, in fact, almost all
galaxies topics can be considered
cosmology though the
the reverse is NOT true.
 The person reports on his/her article for 15 or so minutes with discussion.
It often goes longer.
 If you are second person reporting and don't get a chance to talk because the first report
dragged on,
we just hold the report over the for next day.
 Yours truly
keeps a list of cosmology
and galaxies
articles
from arXiv
that seemed somehow interesting: see
Cosmology and Galaxies Articles:
Significant/Useful Articles.
You can use that list or find your own article.
 I suggest that you try to find short review articles or especially hot articles
and avoid quantum cosmology
which is a really deep for us, unless its
quantum cosmology
made easy.
 I'll just ask for volunteers on a day for the next day.
 Since there are typically 6 students and 1 instructor and about 30 lecture periods,
we might each speak about 4 to 5 times or so,
but there is no set number.
 Giving reports and participating the discussions is 20 % of grade and everyone gets that
with a fair effort.
 The reports are intended to be low anxiety and maximum fun.
 Cosmology Course
 Cosmology Introduction
This is the course website / extended syllabus
for a course on cosmology.
For nuts and bolts details of the course, see
Syllabus: Short Version.
For the official description, see
Ast727: Cosmology.
There might be some changes since the course still in development.
The plan for the course is to cover my
own lecture pdf notes
and other complementary material for cosmology which
are linked below.
A supplementary source is the
cosmology book
Liddle (2015)
(by Andrew Liddle (1965)).
You do NOT need to buy
Liddle (2015)
since you can read it online:
ProQuest: Ebook Central: Liddle (2015).
The material we cover is at a rather elementary level for graduate course.
But this allows us to build up from the bottom.
But we will also have
journal club reports
which makes us surf current research in
cosmology.
This allows us to build down from the top.
We will never meet in the middle.
The alternative is to grind through a solid textbook, but for nonspecialists that would
probably be unmemorableand difficult for a nonspecialist instructor.
Note that the
Cosmology Course
and
Galaxies Course
are good complements to each other.
In fact, yours truly considers them both
courses on cosmology,
just with different emphases:
the first on overall universal features
and the second on the
large scale structure
of the observable universe.
Note also that the
Cosmology Course
is a good complement to
Carl Haster's
Ast734:
Relativity and Gravitation:
this is an easy course and that is hard course, but there is some overlap.
This is a relatively easy graduate course.
 Cosmology Lectures
 Cosmology 1: History of Cosmology:
Homework 1, Solution 1
 Inclass lecture: History of Cosmology:
A online popular lecture. There are some notes with the images, but there is NO complete
narrative.
It gives an overview and it's traditional to start
cosmology in
the manner of Carl Sagan (19341996).
 Required reading:
 IAL 4: History of Astronomy to Newton (OK for what it is).
 IAL 26: The Discovery of Galaxies (OK for what it is).
 IAL 28: Galaxies (lowcal and a bit dated).
 IAL 29: The LargeScale Structure of the Universe
(lowcal and a bit dated).
 IAL 30: Cosmology.
I leave this all as reading.
It is all easy, mostly qualitative stuff.
 Cosmos 2: Miscellaneous Math Problems:
Homework 2, Solution 2,
No notes.
 Cosmos 3:
The Friedmann Equation and its Simpler Solutions:
Homework 3, Solution 3,
Notes 3a: 2023oct08,
Notes 3b: 2023oct08.
 Cosmos 4:
Cosmological Geometry, Redshift, and Distance Measures:
Homework 4, Solution 4,
Notes 4: 2023oct24.
Exam 1 solutions: The questions are somewhat updated from
the exam.
 Cosmos 5:
The Friedmann Equation and its More Advanced Solutions:
Homework 5,
Solution 5,
Notes 5: 2023oct31.
See also supplement Cosmos 5:
Cosmological Constant Models, Dark Energy, and the ΛCDM Model.
 Cosmos 6: The Cosmic Background Radiation,
the Cosmic Temperature, and Recombination:
Homework 6,
Solution 6,
Notes 6: 2023dec12.
See also supplement Cosmos 6:
The Cosmic Background Radiation,
the Cosmic Temperature, and Recombination.
 Cosmos 7: Bayesian Analysis:
Homework 7,
Solution 7,
Notes 7: 2023dec21.
See also supplement Cosmos 7:
Bayesian Inference and Constraining Cosmological Models and
An Education Note on Bayesian Analysis (which has never been quite finished).
Final solutions: Some questions have been corrected/improved
since the final.
UNDER RECONSTRUCTION BELOW
 Cosmos 8: The Age of the Universe:
Homework 8,
Solution 8:
 Cosmos 9: The Density of the Universe and Dark Matter:
Homework 9,
Solution 9:
Required reading:
Liddle, Ch. 9.
 Cosmos 11: The Early Universe:
Homework 11,
Solution 11:
which don't exist so far:
 Cosmos 12: Nucleosynthesis: The Origin of the Light Elements:
Homework 12,
Solution 12:
which don't exist so far:
Required reading:
Liddle, Ch. 12 /
Liddle, Ch. 12: Direct link.
 Cosmos 13: The Inflationary Universe:
Homework 13,
Solution 13:
which don't exist so far:
Required reading:
Liddle, Ch. 13 /
Liddle, Ch. 13: Direct link.
 Cosmos 14: The Initial Singularity:
Homework 14,
Solution 14:
which don't exist so far:
Required reading:
Liddle, Ch. 14 /
Liddle, Ch. 14: Direct link.
 Cosmos 15: Overview: The Standard Model of Cosmology:
Homework 15,
Solution 15:
which don't exist so far:
Required reading:
Liddle, Ch. 15 /
Liddle, Ch. 15: Direct link.
 Cosmos 16: Structures in the Universe:
Homework 16,
Solution 16:
which don't exist so far:
Required reading:
Liddle, AT 15: Also for completeness:

Liddle, AT 1: Direct link: General Relativistic Cosmology.

Liddle, AT 2: Direct link: Classic Cosmology: Distances and Luminosities.

Liddle, AT 3: Direct link: Neutrino Cosmology.

Liddle, AT 4: Direct link: Baryogenesis.

Liddle, AT 5: Direct link: Structures in the Universe.
 Galaxies Course
 Galaxies Introduction
This is the course website / extended syllabus
for a course on galaxies.
For nuts and bolts details of the course, see
Syllabus: Short Version.
For the official description, see
Ast729: Galaxies.
There might be some changes since the course still in development.
The plan for the course is to cover
Cimatti
et al.:
Introduction to Galaxy Formation and Evolution: From Primordial Gas to PresentDay Galaxies (2020):
hereafter, just
Cimatti
(See also
Cimatti et al. 2019: ArXiv posted intro chapter.)
Chapters 311.
I leave just as readings Chapter 1 (which is introductory) and Chapter 3
(which cosmology
per se and so is really part of
the Cosmology Course).
Cimatti
seems to be a fairly broad, gentle introduction to
galaxies.
In fact, I plan to lecture on only certain aspects of the chapters
in Cimatti
where it seems useful to expand on what Cimatti says.
Note Cimatti is a "required"
textbook
and yours truly thinks
it is a reasonable investment, but in many respects it will be dated
in a few years and it already is a bit and it has NO problem bank.
However, if a student feels they do NOT need
Cimatti
and can rely on class notes and relevant articles
(see extended syllabus section Galaxies Lectures), they can do without the
textbook.
In addition to lectures based on
Cimatti,
we will also have
journal club reports
which makes us surf current research in
galaxies.
This allows us to build down from the top.
We will never meet in the middle.
Note that the
Cosmology Course
and
Galaxies Course
are good complements to each other.
In fact, yours truly considers them both
courses on cosmology,
just with different emphases:
the first on overall universal features
(i.e., cosmology per se)
and the second on the
large scale structure
of the observable universe.
This is a relatively easy graduate course.
 Galaxies Lectures
 Introduction to galaxies
and 2. Introduction to cosmology
corresponding roughly to Cimatti chapters 1 & 2:
 Covered in class and required readings/homeworks:
 IAL 26: The Discovery of Galaxies
(OK for what it is):
Homework 26;
Solutions 26.
 IAL 28: Galaxies (lowcal and a bit dated):
Homework 28;
Solutions 28.
We just cover the
galaxy rotation curves
and
galaxy quenching.
 IAL 29:
The LargeScale Structure of the Universe (lowcal and a bit dated):
Homework 29;
Solutions 29.
We just cover the
large scale structure
of the observable universe and NOT the recapitulations.
 Not covered in class, but required readings/homeworks:
 IAL 4: History of Astronomy to Newton:
Homework 4;
Solutions 4.
 IAL 30: Cosmology:
Homework 30;
Solutions 30.
 Cimatti: Chapters 1 and 2: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook. No homeworks.
 Optional reading.
 History of Cosmology:
A online popular lecture. There are some notes with the images, but there is NO
complete narrative.
 Exact Friedmann equations
solutions: See p. 25? for the matterΛ universe solution x(τ) and τ(x).
 Galaxies 3: Cosmic Present Galaxies as a Benchmark
for Galaxy Formation and Evolution:
Homework 23,
Solution 23,
Notes 3: 2024feb20.
 Cimatti: Chapter 3: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook.
 log_log_plot_dj_4.html:
A general discussion is given of logarithms
and astronomical magnitude system.
 Keywords:
earlytype galaxies (ETGs),
equivalent width,
full width at half maximum (FWHM),
galaxy,
galaxy colormagnitude diagram
(blue cloud galaxy,
galaxy bimodality,
green valley galaxy,
red sequence galaxy),
hydrogen (H)
(hydrogen anion (H),
hydrogen ion (H+,H),
hydride (H),
hydron (H+)),
latetype galaxies (LTGs, AKA starforming galaxies (SFGs),
lognormal distribution,
luminosity function (LF)
(Schechter
luminosity function (Schechter function)),
Sersic profile,
spectral energy distribution (SED,
luminosity per frequency/wavelength)
(radiant flux,
spectra flux density
(luminosity per frequency/wavelength per area),
surface brightness,
WolfRayet star (WR star),
etc.
 Galaxies: Lecture 3: Relevant Articles
 Galaxies 4:
Cosmic Present Star Forming Galaxies (SFGs):
Homework 24,
Solution 24,
Notes 4: 2024mar18.
 Cimatti: Chapter 4: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook.
 Keywords:
dark matter halos,
earlytype galaxies (ETGs),
galaxy,
galaxy colormagnitude diagram
(blue cloud galaxy,
galaxy bimodality,
green valley galaxy,
red sequence galaxy),
hydrogen (H)
(atomic hydrogen (H_I),
molecular hydrogen (H_2)),
starforming galaxies (SFGs) (AKA latetype galaxies (LTGs),
luminosity function (LF)
(Schechter luminosity function (Schechter function)),
Sersic profile,
surface brightness,
Xfactor (AKA X_{CO} factor),
etc.
 Galaxies: Lecture 4: Relevant Articles
 Galaxies 5:
Early Type Galaxies (ETGs):
Homework 25,
Solution 25,
Notes 5: 2024apr02.
 Cimatti: Chapter 5: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook.
 Keywords:
dark matter halos,
earlytype galaxies (ETGs),
galaxy,
galaxy colormagnitude diagram
(blue cloud galaxy,
galaxy bimodality,
green valley galaxy,
red sequence galaxy),
hydrogen (H)
(atomic hydrogen (H_I),
molecular hydrogen (H_2)),
starforming galaxies (SFGs) (AKA latetype galaxies (LTGs),
luminosity function (LF)
(Schechter luminosity function (Schechter function)),
Sersic profile,
surface brightness,
virial theorem
(virial theorem <T>=(1/2)∑_{k}k<F_{k}·r_{k}>,
virial theorem <T>=(1/2)∑_{k}k<U_{k}>,
virial theorem <T>=(1/2)<U_gravity>),
etc.
 Galaxies: Lecture 5: Relevant Articles
 Galaxies 6:
Cosmic Present Galaxy Environments: Interactions, Groups, Clusters,
Superclusters, LargeScale Structure:
Homework 26,
Solution 26,
Notes 7: 2024jan01.
 Cimatti: Chapter 6: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook.
 galaxy files: See especially
local_group.html,
etc.
 Keywords:
baryonic dark matter,
dark matter,
dark matter halos,
galaxy clusters,
galaxy groups,
galaxy groups and clusters,
galaxy superclusters,
interacting galaxies
largescale structure of the universe,
merging galaxies,
Local Group of Galaxies,
Nbody simulation,
etc.
 Galaxies: Lecture 6: Relevant Articles
 Galaxies 7:
Formation, Evolution, and Properties of Dark Matter Halos :
Homework 27,
Solution 27,
Notes 7: 2024jan01.
 Cimatti: Chapter 7: A required reading if you have bought the
textbook.
 Online lecture:
An Educational Note on QuasiEquilibrium Dark Matter Halo Physics.
The direct link is
080_dark_matter_halo.pdf
 Keywords:
baryonic dark matter,
Burkert profile,
dark matter,
dark matter halos,
MOND (MOdified Newtonian Dynamics),
Nbody simulation,
NFW profile (NavarroFrenkWhite profile),
r_200,
radialacceleration relation (RAR)),
Sersic profile,
virial theorem
(virial theorem <T>=(1/2)∑_{k}k<F_{k}·r_{k}>,
virial theorem <T>=(1/2)∑_{k}k<U_{k}>,
virial theorem <T>=(1/2)<U_gravity>),
etc.
 Galaxies: Lecture 7: Relevant Articles
 Acronyms:
 AGB:
asymptotic giant branch
(AGB) stars.
 AGN:
active galaxy nuclei (AGNs)
 GAMA:
Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey (GAMA)
 luminosity function (LF)
 SMF:
stellar mass function (SMF,
faute de mieux):
 WNM:
warm neutral medium
(faute de mieux).
 See Keywords:
galaxies in the
insert below
(local link /
general link: keywords_galaxies.html).
EOF
 See Galaxy
Classification Systems and Types of Galaxies
in the insert below
(local link /
general link: galaxy_types.html):
 Evaluation
The evaluation summary is in the table below.
__________________________________________________________________________
Table: Evaluations Items
__________________________________________________________________________
Item Percentage Drops Comment
of grade
__________________________________________________________________________
Readings 0 % For study
Homeworks 0 % The study guide
journal club reports 20 % 2 drops 1 mark point each
2 inclass tests 40 % no drops
comprehensive final 40 % no drops
extra credit 0 % There is NO extra credit
__________________________________________________________________________
Tentative test schedule: Test 1: Oct09, Test 2 Nov13,
Final: See date and time specified at the
academic calendars site.
Explication of evaluation items:
 Readings are NOT marked but you should do them.
 Homeworks are the study guide. The solutions will posted when the
homeworks are posted. Yours truly is making them
up as we go along.
Try really hard before looking at the solutions.
Selftesting is the key to test preparations.
Report any mistakes that you find.
 Journal club reports: ∼ 10 reports.
We'll try to get everyone to have the same number of reports, but
allow 2 drops if the number reports is not quite the same at the end of the semester.
 The inclass tests will be out of 50 marks and consist of two parts:
 10 multiplechoice questions
intended as easy warmup questions worth 2 marks each.
 3 fullanswer questions worth 10 marks each.
Two of these will be drawn from the homeworks, maybe cutdown a bit for test miseenscene.
The third question will be new if yours truly can think of one.
 The final is 2hour comprehensive final and will probably be
20 multiplechoice questions
intended as easy warmup questions worth 2 marks each
and 5 or so fullanswer questions with 3 or 4 drawn from the homeworks,
maybe cutdown a bit for test miseenscene.
Yours truly does NOT use a fixed scale for letter grades.
I just draw my own lines where I see fit at the end of the semester.
Until the end of the semester, I just use a curve which fixes the
GPA at about 3.
I don't use WebCampus. I just post grades under anonymous aliases.
You can choose your own alias. It has to be absolutely NOT identifiable
as anyone.
 Books & Reviews
See Amazon books,
Library
Search,
and
NASA ADS search.

Andrea Cimatti (Author), Filippo Fraternali (Author), Carlo Nipoti (Author),
2019, 582 pages,
Cambridge Univ. Pres,
"Introduction to Galaxy Formation and Evolution: From Primordial Gas to PresentDay Galaxies":
It seems to cover cosmology
at about the level of
Liddle (2015),
but also all of
galaxy formation and evolution.
It has NO problems.
I've a copy and may use it in the future for both
Ast727: Cosmology
and
Ast729: Galaxies.
 Coles, Peter; Lucchin, Francesco, 2002, 520 pages, "Cosmology: The Origin and Evolution of Cosmic Structure":
About the level for a grad course, but a bit dated.
 Mark H. Jones (Editor), Robert J. A. Lambourne (Editor), Stephen Serjeant (Editor),
2015, Cambridge  Open University, "An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology":
More of undergraduate level and has problems.

Kunze, Kerstin, 2016, arXiv, 36 pages, "An introduction to cosmology".

Leclercq, Florent, et al. 2014, arXiv, 49 pages:
"Cosmology: from theory to data, from data to theory":
With Bayesian analysis.

Andrew Liddle, 2015, "An Introduction to Modern Cosmology":
See also
Liddle (2015).
You don't need to buy
Liddle (2015)
since you can read it online:
ProQuest: Ebook Central: Liddle (2015).
We can print from online.
Are we allowed to print the whole thing over time?
Maybe the server will let us, but 41 pages per user may be the legal limit.????
Can we use such printouts as a textbook for students?
 Mo, Houjun; van den Bosch, Frank; White, Simon, 2010, 840 pages,
"Galaxy Formation and Evolution":
See also
Mo et al.
Not at
Library
Search.
See also
stuff,
stuff by Mo,
and Bosch advertizement.
It has NO problems.

Ryden, Barbara, 2017, 300 pages, 4th year, "Introduction to Cosmology":
2nd edition well reviewed.

TaPei Cheng, 2010, 456 pages GR with some cosmology.
Also
TaPei Cheng, 2015, 292 pages, "Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction":

Weinberg, Steven, 2008, 616 pages, "Cosmology": Really tough going, but great.
 Universe in Problems:
 Solutions of Friedman equations in the Big Bang model:
Problem 23: Positivecurvaturematter universe: Exact solution a(eta),t(eta),
where eta is conformal time.

Solutions of Friedman equations in the Big Bang model:
Matter and radiation:
Problem 5: exact solutions for matter and radiation: No analytic solutions for a(t), but
there is one for t(a) using Hudson5,28.
See also
INTEGRALS CONTAINING THE SQUARE ROOT OF ax+b.

Solutions of Friedman equations in the Big Bang model:
Problem 18: age of the Universe
 Solutions of Friedman equations in the Big Bang model:
Problem 23: closed dusty Universe, exact solution: Closed matter cosine universe.
 Solutions of Friedman equations in the Big Bang model:
Problem 41: powerlaw cosmologies: Single powerlaw solutions.
 Evolution of Universe:
Problem 13: The MatterCosmological Constant Universe Solution:
See also
SOLUTION
OF THE FRIEDMANN EQUATION DETERMINING THE TIME EVOLUTION, ACCELERATION AND THE AGE OF THE UNIVERSE
(2007),
Frank Steiner, p. 12.
 Course Resource Sites
 See also arXivastroph/recent for the latest
cosmology articles.
 arXivquantph/recent
 Astronomy My own online astro encyclopedia: no longer
updated since Wikipedia has long surpassed it.
 Astrophysical Journal (ApJ)
 Books
 Coles & Lucchin: Cosmology
 Mo: Galaxy Formation and Evolution
 Peacock: Cosmological Physics
 Eddie Baron's galaxies and cosmology course site
 Introductory Astronomy Web Lectures (IAWL)
See, in particular, IAL: Cosmology.
 Christian Knobel Intro Cosmolgy, 2012
An introduction into the theory of cosmological structure formation, 2012, 102 pages.
Seems good, current as of
2012.
 Lawden 2002
special relativity:
Preface, Chapters 13. A good, quick introduction.
 Max Pettini: Physcial Cosmology Seems a good quick intro
in pdf lectures which are probably intended to be much like real lectures. Seems to be current as of
2012.
 Basic Concepts
 Newtonian Cosmology
 Relativistic Cosmology
 World Models
 Redshifts and Distances in Cosmology
 The Hubble Diagram of Type Ia
Supernovae: Evidence for a Cosmological Constant
 Large Scale Structure
 Clusters of Galaxies:
Spherical Collapse and Virialization
 The Intergalactic Medium
On reionization and all that.
 Absorption Line Formation
and the Curve of Growth
 Physical Properties of Lyman Alpha Forest Clouds
 Cosmological Implications of the Lyman Alpha
Forest. I: The Repository of Most of the Baryons
 The Ionizing Background
 Gravitational Lensing
 Weak Gravitational Lensing
 Observational Tests of
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
 Mermin 1968
special relativity:
Wow your friends with special relativity paradoxes and solutions.
 NASA ADS
 Nature
 Physics Links Lookup pages mainly. Not updated recently.
 Sean Carroll Lecture Notes on General Relativity, 1997
 Science
 Scientific American
The inner circle SciAm.
 Wikipedia
 physical cosmology
 Astro Images

Alien mesmerized by words.

But as Dorothy said, there's no place like home.

Earthrise from Apollo 11, 1969jul16.
Credit:
NASA.

Well not quite.

Beware of aliens bearing grades.
 Course Mottos
Very reassuring I think.
 Ken Lectures 2012 Fall
 Historical intro similar to cosmology:
 IAL 4: The History of Astronomy to Newton
Essentially, the history of cosmology
from prehistory
to Isaac Newton (16431727) including
Newton's work.
 IAL 26: The Discovery of Galaxies
A partial history of cosmology
from Isaac Newton (16431727) to the
1920s.
 IAL 31: Cosmology
Gives a brief history of cosmology in the
20th century.
 Wikipedia
 Wikipedia: Chronology of the universe
 Wikipedia:
Graphical timeline from Big Bang to Heat Death Note that the lefthand vertical scale is tricky, for
greater than about > 0, it is x=100*log(log(t_year)) and so t_year=10**(10**(x/100))).
 Wikipedia: Graphical timeline
of the Stelliferous Era Note the vertical axis is tricky, but it was it says, log(y) where y is the
number of years and then multiply by 10. Thus 10**6 years is 10*log(10**6)=10*6=60. Gollee as
Gomer Pyle would say.
 List of cosmologists Sean, Ron, Avi, Saul, Adam, Brian,
and Dave Schramm made the list, but not Ken and Bob.
 Wikipedia: Timeline of cosmological theories
 Friedmann equations and Elementary Solutions,
Parameters of Cosmology,
Cosmological Distance Measures:
 Christian Knobel Intro Cosmolgy, 2012, p. 9ff
But Knobel expects you to know some
general relativity before you begin.
Gory.
 David Jeffery:
Cosmological Distance Measures Explained It needs a lot of revision that it will probably never get.
 David Hogg: Distance Measures in Cosmology
See also the article version Hogg, 2000, Distance Measures in Cosmology.
 Max Pettini 1: Basic Concepts
 Max Pettini 2: Newtonian Cosmology
He derives the Friedmann equations
from Newtonian physics plus special assumptions.
 Max Pettini 3: Relativistic Cosmology
 Max Pettini 5: Redshifts and Distances in Cosmology
 Sean Carroll
Lecture Notes on General Relativity, 1997, Lecture 8, Cosmology But this is the end of his
lectures, and so they assume you know all intro
general relativity.
 Wikipedia
 angular diameter distance
 cosmological constant
 cosmological distance measures
See graphs
Wesino z ≤ 0.5,
Wesino z ≤ 10**4
 cosmological redshift
 density parameter
 Friedmann equations
 Hubble's law
 luminosity distance
 Cosmological horizons:
 Christian Knobel Intro Cosmolgy, 2012 Section 1.4.3 is on horizons.
 Max Pettini: Redshifts and Distances in Cosmology
 Wikipedia
 particle horizon
 event horizon of the
universe
 Thermal history of the observable universe:
 Max Pettini: The Intergalactic Medium
On reionization and all that.
 Max Pettini: Large Scale Structure
It has some stuff on recombination
 Wikipedia
 chronology of the universe
 recombination
 reionization
 Inflation and
Particle Physics in Cosmology:
 Pralavorio 2013 Particle Physics and Cosmology,
Les Houches
 Silverstein 2013
Les Houches lectures on inflationary observables and string theory,
Les Houches
 Wikipedia
 Wikipedia: Inflation
 particle physics in cosmology
 Cosmological Structure Formation:
 Christian Knobel Intro Cosmolgy, 2012, p. 55ff
on general relativistic treatment of linear structure formation.
 Christian Knobel Intro Cosmolgy, 2012, p. 29ff
on Newtonian .
 Frenk & White (2012), Dark matter and cosmic structure
A review with a historical perspective from the giants.
 Max Pettini: Large Scale Structure
It has some stuff on Jeans instability.
 Wikipedia
 cosmic structure formation
 Jeans instability
 Silk damping
 Power Spectrum:
 Wikipedia
 CMB: Primary anisotropy There is a angular
power spectrum plot.
 linear structure formation
 nonlinear structure formation
 Nonlinear Structure Formation
 Bernardeau 2013
The evolution of the largescale structure of the universe: beyond the linear regime,
Les Houches.
 Tinker et al. (2008)
Toward a Halo Mass Function for Precision Cosmology: The Limits of Universality.
 Wikipedia
 Nonlinear Structure Formation
 PressSchecter Formalism
 Press & Schecter (1974)
 Wikipedia
 baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO)
 PressSchecter Formalism
 structure formation
 William H. (Bill) Press (1948)
 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich (19141987)
 Zeldovich pancake
 Galaxy Formation
 Coles & Lucchin, Ch16, p340ff
 Mo, p264ff
 Wikipedia
 Bremstrahlung (AKA freefree emission)
 galaxy cluster
 galaxy formation and evolution
 intracluster medium (ICM)
 intergalacit medium
 inverse Compton scattering
 large scale structure
 Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
 Coles & Lucchin, Ch17
 Mo, p302
 Max Petttini: Observational Tests
of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, p17
 Peacock, Ch18
 Wikipedia
 cosmic microwave background (CMB)
 WMAP
 Galaxy Dynamics
 Wikipedia
 Gravitational lensing
 Wikipedia
gravitational lensing
Maintained (if that is the word) by
David J. Jeffery,
Email: jeffery@physics.nhn.edu
This file was updated (but probably not for the last time) 2024jan07 Sunday