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**Sections**

- Surf
- concordance model parameters
- concordance model distance measures graph
- The eras of radiation, matter, and dark energy: new information
from the Planck Collaboration:
Kevin Cahill,
arXiv,
2016,
June 22,
13 pages:
Research:
On
cosmic scale factor
and the
cosmic energy eras
based on the
Planck 2015: Planck 2015 results. XIII. Cosmological parameters.

---Keywords: cold dark matter (CDM), concordance model, concordance model distance measures, cosmic energy eras (radiation era, matter era, dark-energy era) cosmic scale factor, cosmological redshift, cosmology, dark energy, dark matter, disk galaxies, expansion of the universe, IOP cosmological parameters summary: bit dated, Universe in Problems: lots of solutions, etc. - Future Evolution of Nearby Large-Scale Structure
in a Universe Dominated by a Cosmological Constant:
Kentaro Nagamine, Abraham Loeb,
arXiv
2002,
Nov12,
14 pages:
Research:
On the future
of the observable universe
assuming the cosmological constant
and the concordance model.

--- Keywords: cold dark matter (CDM), concordance model, concordance model parameters, concordance model distance measures graph, cosmology, dark energy, dark matter, galaxies, intergalactic medium (IGM), IOP cosmological parameters summary: bit dated, large-scale structure of the universe, Universe in Problems: lots of solutions, etc. - Mark Whittle, University of Virginia: 16. THE COSMOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK: Lots of images
- Wikipedia: Graphical timeline from Big Bang to Heat Death but note that the left-hand vertical scale is tricky, for greater than about > 0, it is x=100*log(log(t_year)) and so t_year=10**(10**(x/100)))
- Wikipedia: Timeline of the far future: Including and extreme speculative projections
- ** | Dark energy two decades after:
Observables, probes, consistency tests:
Dragan Huterer, Daniel L Shafer
arXiv,
2017,
Sep04,
38 pages:
Review:
On
dark energy and
the accelerating universe.
An excellent review.

---Keywords accelerating universe, cold dark matter (CDM), concordance model, concordance model distance measures, cosmological redshift z, cosmology, dark energy, dark matter, galaxies, large scale structure, IOP cosmological parameters summary: bit dated, recombination epoch, Universe in Problems: lots of solutions, etc.

This is primarily a supplement/complement to Liddle, Ch. 8: The Cosmological Constant, also to Liddle, Ch. 9: The Age of the Universe, Liddle, Ch. 17: Classical Cosmology: Distances and Luminosities, Liddle, Ch. 20: Structure of the Universe, and Liddle, Ch. 21: ConstrainingCosmological Models.

We're just going to surf stuff including the Web.